Chewing hard foods, such as hard candy, ice, or nuts can crack your tooth. Accidents especially those involving a blow to your mouth can crack your tooth. Uneven chewing pressure, tooth grinding, or clenching will cause your tooth cracked. As time goes by, you tooth structure wear down can lead to crack. When you expose your tooth to extreme hot and cold in long term, you can crack your tooth. This is how easily your tooth can crack, and it is always painful and causing further oral disease.
There are few indicators that can help to determine whether your tooth is cracked. The most obvious one of course is pain that happen during eating and drinking. Take note the nature of the food that you are taking, is it hot, cold, sweet, or sour? Sometimes the pain only happens when you bite down. There are also pain that comes and goes, but no necessary hurt all the time.
The painfulness is cause by the pressure of biting, which force the crack on your tooth to open. The open crack will irritate the pulp inside which contains nerves and blood vessels. When the pulp is irritated, you tooth will become sensitive to extremely hot or cold foods. If your pulp is damaged or diseased due to the cracked tooth, root canal treatment might be necessary to save your tooth.
You can consult and discuss with your dentist on the treatment. Normally, dentist will recommend for no treatment as tiny cracks usually do not cause problems. But if you are experiencing serious localizing pain, it is better to give your dentist a call. There are a few types of treatments that dentist will recommend, including repair your tooth with filing materials, crown your tooth to protect it from further damage, and root canal treatment if it involves pulp. If your tooth is severely damage, then the dentist will need to remove your tooth.
Prevention is better than treatment. It is recommended to visit your dentist on regular basis and treat the problems at early stage to prevent small problem grew big.